Live Link for Excel Users Guide

August 17, 2017 | Author: Zulu Love | Category: Microsoft Excel, Spreadsheet, Library (Computing), Server (Computing), Desktop Environment
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Description

LiveLink

for Excel

User´s Guide

VERSION 4.4

TM

®

LiveLink™ for Excel® User’s Guide © 2012–2013 COMSOL Protected by U.S. Patents 7,519,518; 7,596,474; 7,623,991; and 8,457,932. Patents pending. This Documentation and the Programs described herein are furnished under the COMSOL Software License Agreement (www.comsol.com/sla) and may be used or copied only under the terms of the license agreement. COMSOL, COMSOL Multiphysics, Capture the Concept, COMSOL Desktop, and LiveLink are either registered trademarks or trademarks of COMSOL AB. Microsoft, Excel, Visual Basic and Windows are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners, and COMSOL AB and its subsidiaries and products are not affiliated with, endorsed by, sponsored by, or supported by those or the above non-COMSOL trademark owners. For a list of such trademark owners, see www.comsol.com/tm. Version:

November 2013

COMSOL 4.4

Contact Information Visit the Contact COMSOL page at www.comsol.com/contact to submit general inquiries, contact Technical Support, or search for an address and phone number. You can also visit the Worldwide Sales Offices page at www.comsol.com/contact/offices for address and contact information. If you need to contact Support, an online request form is located at the COMSOL Access page at www.comsol.com/support/case. Other useful links include: • Support Center: www.comsol.com/support • Product Download: www.comsol.com/support/download • Product Updates: www.comsol.com/support/updates • COMSOL Community: www.comsol.com/community • Events: www.comsol.com/events • COMSOL Video Center: www.comsol.com/video • Support Knowledge Base: www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase Part number: CM023401

C o n t e n t s Chapter 1: Introduction About this Product

6

Interacting with a Model from a Worksheet. . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

Exporting Data to a Material Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

Sharing a Model Between Excel and the COMSOL Desktop . . . . . .

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Loading and Saving Workbook Files in the COMSOL Desktop. . . . . .

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Help and Documentation

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C h a p t e r 2 : T h e C O M S O L R i b b o n To o l b a r Overview of the COMSOL Tab

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File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Plots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Numerical Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Material Export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Help

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Close . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Working With Models From Excel

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Loading and Saving the Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Accessing Model Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Computing the Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Running a Model in Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Evaluating and Displaying the Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Updating Data in Cells Linked to the Model. . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Connecting Excel with a Server Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

CONTENTS

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Connecting the COMSOL Desktop with the COMSOL Server . . . . . 35 Exporting Material Data

36

The Material Export Settings Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 The Cell Comment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Saving the Material Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Exporting the Material Library in Batch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

C h a p t e r 3 : L o a d i n g a n d S av i n g Wo r k b o o k Fi l e s Importing and Exporting Model Definitions 44 ® Support for Excel Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Importing Data from a Workbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Exporting Data to a Workbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Supported Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

4 | CONTENTS

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Introduction This guide introduces you to LiveLink™ for Excel®, which extends your COMSOL

modeling environment with an interface between COMSOL Multiphysics® and Excel®. In this chapter: • About this Product • Help and Documentation

5

Abo ut t hi s P r od u c t LiveLink™ for Excel® extends your modeling capabilities by running COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations from an Excel workbook. Model definitions and results can easily be synchronized between your workbook and the simulation. In addition, LiveLink™ adds the capability to create a COMSOL material library from data stored in a worksheet, and it enables support for saving and loading Excel® files for parameter and variable lists in the COMSOL Desktop. Read this section for an overview of: • Interacting with a Model from a Worksheet • Exporting Data to a Material Library • Loading and Saving Workbook Files in the COMSOL Desktop

Interacting with a Model from a Worksheet

Figure 1-1: The COMSOL ribbon toolbar. Using the tools on the COMSOL tab in the Excel® user interface (Figure 1-1) you can extract or modify model definitions, and simulation results, as well as recompute a simulation. This allows for example to implement a simplified interface to a model (Figure 1-2) where you can access only the most important simulation parameters, and results from Excel.

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

Figure 1-2: Overview of a worksheet linked to a COMSOL model. While you work with COMSOL models you can still interact with 3D graphics in a separate dedicated window, the COMSOL Model window (Figure 1-2), and you can enable images of result plots into the worksheet. As soon as you open a model in Excel, a COMSOL graphics server starts where the model is loaded. The data transfer between Excel and the COMSOL server application is performed using a TCP/IP communication protocol. The first time you start a COMSOL server you need to enter a user name and password. Once this information is entered, the client/server communication is established. The information is stored in the user preferences, so that subsequent starts do not require it to be entered again. L I N K I N G A WO R K B O O K T O A M O D E L

When importing information from a model to a workbook in Excel, there are links placed in certain cells to ensure that data can be kept associated to the appropriate nodes in the COMSOL model. These links are represented in the Excel worksheet by

ABOUT THIS PRODUCT

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7

a comment on the cell, visible as a red mark at the top right cell corner. Hold the cursor over the cell comment to get a short description of the link.

Removing an automatically generated comment breaks the link between that cell range and the associated model feature.

Exporting Data to a Material Library With LiveLink™ you can create a material library accessible by COMSOL models from material data stored in an Excel file. Using an interface (see Figure 1-3) you can configure the export such that COMSOL recognizes the material properties. The Material Export supports Excel sheet containing constant or field dependent material property.

Figure 1-3: The Material export Settings dialog box.

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

Sharing a Model Between Excel and the COMSOL Desktop LiveLink™ for Excel connects Excel with a COMSOL graphics server, which does not support multiple clients connected at the same time. To share a model between the COMSOL Desktop and Excel you need to start a regular COMSOL server when opening the model in Excel. See Preferences to set the connection between Excel and a regular COMSOL server.

Loading and Saving Workbook Files in the COMSOL Desktop LiveLink adds support to the COMSOL Desktop for the import and export files of the Excel workbook format (.xlsx). Use this functionality, for example, when saving data from a table to file. See Figure 1-4.

Figure 1-4: The Save to File dialog box. During the import or the export process Excel is automatically started in the background.

ABOUT THIS PRODUCT

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Help and Documentation A number of Internet resources provide more information about COMSOL, including licensing and technical information. The electronic documentation, topic-based (or context-based) help, and the Model Libraries are all accessed through the COMSOL Desktop. If you are reading the documentation as a PDF file on your computer, the blue links do not work to open a model or content referenced in a different guide. However, if you are using the Help system in COMSOL Multiphysics, these links work to other modules (as long as you have a license), model examples, and documentation sets. THE DOCUMENTATION AND ONLINE HELP

The COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual describes all core physics interfaces and functionality included with the COMSOL Multiphysics license. This book also has instructions about how to use COMSOL and how to access the electronic Documentation and Help content.

Opening Topic-Based Help The Help window is useful as it is connected to many of the features on the GUI. To learn more about a node in the Model Builder, or a window on the Desktop, click to highlight a node or window, then press F1 to open the Help window, which then displays information about that feature (or click a node in the Model Builder followed ). This is called topic-based (or context) help. by the Help button ( To open the Help window: • In the Model Builder, click a node or window and then press F1. • On any toolbar (for example, Home or Geometry), hover the mouse over a button (for example, Browse Materials or Build All) and then press F1. • From the File menu, click Help (

).

• In the upper-right part of the COMSOL Desktop, click the ( button.

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

)

To open the Help window: • In the Model Builder, click a node or window and then press F1. • On the main toolbar, click the Help (

) button.

• From the main menu, select Help>Help.

Opening the Documentation Window To open the Documentation window: • Press Ctrl+F1. • From the File menu select Help>Documentation (

).

To open the Documentation window: • Press Ctrl+F1. • On the main toolbar, click the Documentation (

) button.

• From the main menu, select Help>Documentation.

THE MODEL LIBRARIES WINDOW

Each model includes documentation that has the theoretical background and step-by-step instructions to create the model. The models are available in COMSOL as MPH-files that you can open for further investigation. You can use the step-by-step instructions and the actual models as a template for your own modeling and applications. In most models, SI units are used to describe the relevant properties, parameters, and dimensions in most examples, but other unit systems are available. Once the Model Libraries window is opened, you can search by model name or browse under a module folder name. Click to highlight any model of interest and a summary of the model and its properties is displayed, including options to open the model or a PDF document.

The Model Libraries Window in the COMSOL Multiphysics Reference Manual.

HELP AND DOCUMENTATION

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Opening the Model Libraries Window To open the Model Libraries window (

):

• From the Home ribbon, click (

) Model Libraries.

• From the File menu select Model Libraries. To include the latest versions of model examples, from the File>Help menu, select ( ) Update COMSOL Model Library.

• On the main toolbar, click the Model Libraries

button.

• From the main menu, select Windows>Model Libraries. To include the latest versions of model examples, from the Help menu select ( ) Update COMSOL Model Library.

CONT ACT ING COMSOL BY EMAIL

For general product information, contact COMSOL at [email protected] To receive technical support from COMSOL for the COMSOL products, please contact your local COMSOL representative or send your questions to [email protected] An automatic notification and case number is sent to you by email. COMSOL WEBSITES

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COMSOL website

www.comsol.com

Contact COMSOL

www.comsol.com/contact

Support Center

www.comsol.com/support

Product Download

www.comsol.com/support/download

Product Updates

www.comsol.com/support/updates

COMSOL Community

www.comsol.com/community

Events

www.comsol.com/events

COMSOL Video Gallery

www.comsol.com/video

Support Knowledge Base

www.comsol.com/support/knowledgebase

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

2

The COMSOL Ribbon Toolbar Read this chapter for a description of the functionality provided by the LiveLink™ software inside the Excel® user interface. After installation the COMSOL 4.4 tab is included on the ribbon in Excel. This is where you can access, modify, solve, and extract results from a simulation, or where you can configure data to create a material library. In this chapter: • Overview of the COMSOL Tab • Working With Models From Excel • Exporting Material Data

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Overview of the COMSOL Tab Switch to the COMSOL 4.4 tab in Excel® to access LiveLink™ functionality.

The available tools are sorted into the following groups: • File, where you can open and save model files. • Edit, where you can insert graphics into a worksheet, edit preferences and manage links to a model. • Definitions, where you can retrieve and update model definitions. • View, where you can view the geometry and mesh. • Study, you can compute the solution and access a parametric sweep. • Plots, where you can display result plots. • Numerical Results, where you can evaluate and extract data to the worksheet. • Material Export, where you can create a material library. • Help, where you can access the documentation. • Close, where you can disconnect Excel from the COMSOL server.

File In addition to the buttons to open or save a model, this group also displays the name of the currently loaded model.

OPENING AND SAVING FILES

Click Open ( ) to open a COMSOL model file. If it is not already running, a COMSOL server application is started in the background and the model is loaded onto the server. The model geometry, or a result plot when one is available in the model file, is displayed in an external graphics window. In Excel, the model name is

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inserted into the worksheet. The model description and image, if contained in the model file, are also inserted. In addition, a comment is added to the cell with the text COMSOL Model. This comment is used by the LiveLink interface to maintain the connection between the worksheet and the model on the COMSOL server application.

Only one model can be opened per spreadsheet file. Opening another model updates the link to point to the last opened model. Click Save ( ) to save the currently open model on the COMSOL server. The model is saved in the MPH-file format. Click Save As ( ) to save the currently open model with a different name. The model is saved in the MPH-file format. STATUS

The Status ( ) opens a window including the model status information. Use this button to verify that the model is loaded and to verify the model path.

Edit Use the buttons in the Edit group to access preferences, manage the link between a cell range and the model, and insert a plot to the worksheet.

INSERT GRAPHICS

Click Insert Graphics ( ) to import into the worksheet a screenshot of the current graphics display using the graphics server. You can specify the size of the image from the Preferences window.

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BREAK LINK

Click Break Link ( ) to remove the comment added by LiveLink from the selected cell range. This breaks the link between the cell range and the model. If you remove the comment on a cell that contains a material name or property configured for material export, the material or property is not exported to the material library, and the settings are lost. PREFERENCES

Click Preferences (

) to open the Preferences window.

Under Data formatting, select Format headers to create column or row headers with bold fonts. Frame regions adds a frame around the inserted data. Select the Auto adjust column width check box to automatically adjust cell width to fit the imported data.

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Under Parameters, clear the check box Split value from unit when loading parameters if you want the value and unit of parameters to be inserted together as a string into a single cell. By default the check box is selected so that the parameter values are formatted as numbers, and the parameter units are imported into a separate cell. Under Graphics, select Show model thumbnail if you want the model image to be inserted into the worksheet when a model is loaded. In the list box Geometry detail you can change the level of detail for geometry displayed in the graphics server window. Use the Graphics scale slider to change the size of the image to be inserted into the worksheet, see Insert Graphics. Under Progress bar, select Show progress to display an external progress bar. The progress bar is shown when plotting the geometry or the mesh and when computing the solution. Under Server, clear Use a graphics server if you want Excel to connect with a regular server. A graphics server displays the geometry, the mesh or plots in external graphics window. Only a regular server supports the connection of a COMSOL Desktop together with Excel via a model. Clear Start new server to connect Excel to a server that is already running. In the Server edit field enter server name, or the IP address. In the Port section enter the port number the server is listening to. This port number is displayed on the server window. In the Username and Password edit field enter the login information used by the server.

Definitions The Definitions group has the functionality to import model settings into the current worksheet, for example, parameters, variables, or functions. Select the cell range in the worksheet where you want to import the data, then click any of the buttons described below. Importing data also creates a link between the worksheet and the model. You can edit the data and update the model with definitions from the modified cell.

PARAMETERS

Click Parameters (

) to import all the global parameters from the open model.

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Click Parameters>Filter to import only parameters with the prefix extern added to their name. You can modify the expression, unit, and description of a parameter in the worksheet. To add a new parameter, enter it below the last parameter imported from the model. To update the model with the modifications in the worksheet, see Update. VAR IA BL ES

Click Variables (

) to import all the variables available in the open model.

Click Variables>Filter to import only model variables with the prefix extern added to their name. Click Variables>Select to import only variables from a selected Variables node in the model. You can modify the expression and description of imported variables in the worksheet. To update the model with the modifications in the worksheet, see Update. FUNCTIONS

Click Functions ( ) to import function definitions from the open model. You can edit in the worksheet the imported function definitions. To update the model with the modified functions definitions, see Update. UPDATE

Click Update ( ) to update the open model with definitions found in the range of cells including the selected cell. The update requires that there is a link to the model within the cell range. The model is not updated if the open model does not correspond to the model referenced in the link. Using this button you can update parameters, variables, and functions. Click Update>Update All ( ) to update the model with all model definitions found in the current worksheet. Only cell ranges containing a link to a model are used for the update.

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View Using the buttons in the View group you can display the model geometry or mesh in the graphics server window.

GEOMETRY

Click Geometry ( ) to display the model geometry in the graphics server window. In case the model contains multiple geometry nodes you can select the geometry to view from the menu. To change the level of detail for the displayed geometry see Preferences. MESH

Click Mesh ( ) to display the mesh in the graphics server window. In case the model file contains multiple mesh nodes you can select the mesh node to view from the menu.

Study The Study group provides access to parametric sweep settings, and allows you to compute the solution for a selected study from the model.

COMPUTE

Click Compute ( ) to solve the model linked with the current workbook. The first study node in the model is computed by default.

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SWEEP

Click Sweep ( ) to open the Sweep dialog box where you can view and edit the parametric sweep settings in the model.

From the Study list select the study to use. The list contains only study including a parametric sweep node. The table lists the sweep parameters and the values. Edit the Parameter value list column to modify the sweep interval. Click Export to export the parameter names values to the spreadsheet at the selected cell. The export also creates a link between the worksheet and the table in the Sweep window. Click Update to update the model with parameters and values defined in the table. The table is automatically updated with the value from the worksheet when the cell range containing the sweep comment is selected. Click Close to close the Sweep dialog box. STUDY

Click Study then select a study node from the model for computation. Selecting the study compute the solution associated.

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Plots In the Plots group you access the plot settings, and display a selected plot group in the graphics server window.

PLOTS GROUPS

Click Plot Groups ( ) and select a plot group from the menu to view it in the graphics server window. Only plot groups that are defined in the open model can be viewed. PLOT SETTINGS

To specify the parameter value, time, or eigenfrequency for which to display results for in the current plot group click Plot Settings ( ).

Numerical Results With the tools in the Numerical Results group you can evaluate expressions and insert the evaluation results from a model table to the worksheet. Select first a cell in the worksheet where to export the data in the worksheet.

DER IVED VALUES

Click Derived Values ( ) to open the Derived Values dialog box where you can select an expression to import to the worksheet. Expressions need to be defined under the Derived Values node of the model to be available in the list.

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POINT EVALUATION

Click Point Evaluation (

) to open the Point Evaluation dialog box.

In the Point Evaluation window select the Data set to evaluate on, and specify the points where the expression should be evaluated. Enter a valid expression into the Expression edit field, then click OK for perform the evaluation. The results are inserted at the selected cell in the worksheet. INTERPOLATION

Click the Interpolation button (

) to open the window with the same name.

From the Data set list, choose the solution data set from the model. For solution data set of type parametric, also select the parameter value from the Parameter list. In the Expression edit field enter the expression to evaluate. Finally, to enter the cell range that

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contains the coordinates for the interpolation points in the Coordinates from cell range edit field, click the Select range button ( ). Format the point coordinate data on the worksheet such that the coordinates are listed in columns, with each row defining an evaluation point. Click OK to evaluate and insert the results into the worksheet. PARTICLES

Click Particles ( ) to open the Particles dialog box where you can evaluate expressions along particle trajectories.

The particle evaluation requires a license for the Particle Tracing Module.

Select a particle data set from the Data set list. From the Evaluate section select any of the following options: • Position, to include in the evaluation the particle position along the trajectories. • Velocity, to include in the evaluation the particle velocity along the trajectories. • Expression, to include in the evaluation along particle trajectories the expression you specify. Reduce the evaluation output by entering the number of particles for the evaluation in the Number of particle edit field. Click OK to perform the evaluation and to insert the results into the worksheet.

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TABLE S

Click Tables ( ) to open the Tables dialog box and to select a table available from the model. Click OK to export the table data at the selected cell range. UPDATE

Click Update ( ) to update all data evaluations on current worksheet. Only cell ranges containing a valid link to the model are updated.

Material Export Use the Material Export group to export data from a worksheet to a material library.

Click Settings ( ) to open the Material Export Settings window where you can configure the export. For details see Exporting Material Data. After you configure the data click New ( ) to create a new material library or click Append ( ) to add the material definitions to an existing library. Click batch ( ) to open the Material Export Batch window where you can configure the batch export. For details see Exporting the Material Library in Batch.

Help

Click Documentation ( documentation. Click Help (

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) to open a browser with the COMSOL Multiphysics

) to access the LiveLink™ for Excel ® User’s Guide.

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Close

Click Disconnect ( ) to disconnect MATLAB from the COMSOL server. COMSOL restarts the next time the Open button is clicked on the COMSOL tab.

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Working With Models From Excel In this section: • Loading and Saving the Model • Accessing Model Definitions • Computing the Solution • Running a Model in Sweep • Evaluating and Displaying the Results • Updating Data in Cells Linked to the Model • Connecting Excel with a Server Manually

Loading and Saving the Model L O A D A M O D E L I N T H E E X C E L WO R K S H E E T To extract model definitions or results to an Excel® worksheet start by loading a

model. Start Excel and click Open on the COMSOL 4.4 tab. Find the model MPH-file and click OK. This starts a COMSOL server application in the background where the model is loaded. The text COMSOL Model and the filename of the model appear on the worksheet, see Figure 2-1.

Figure 2-1: Spreadsheet after model import A comment is added to the cell selected before loading the model. This comment contains information that works as a link between the model and the Excel file. The comment is automatically updated if you save the model under a different name. Removing the comment breaks the link between the workbook and the model.

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SAVE THE MODEL

Saving the Excel workbook does not automatically save the linked model. This is done separately with the Save or Save As buttons on the COMSOL tab. Then the link between the spreadsheet and the model is updated automatically. If you open a workbook that already contains a link to a model you can click the Open button from the COMSOL tab to open the referenced model and reestablish the link.

Accessing Model Definitions LiveLink has the functionality to import model definitions to a worksheet, for example, parameters, variables, and functions. You find the related tools grouped under Definitions on the COMSOL tab in the Excel user interface. Select a cell in the worksheet, then, depending on the type of model definitions you want to import, click one of the following Definitions group buttons: • Parameters, to import all global parameters. The parameters are inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, ensures that you can update the model with changes to the parameters in the worksheet. The imported data is formated as in Figure 2-2, with the parameter definitions organized into four columns.

Figure 2-2: Model parameters after import to a worksheet. You can change the formatting to include the parameter unit together its expression in Preferences. • Parameters>Filter, to import only parameters with name containing the prefix extern_. • Variables, to import all model variables. Variables are inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the COMSOL model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, ensures that the model can be updated with changes to the variables in the worksheet. After the import, the variable definitions are

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formatted as in Figure 2-3.

Figure 2-3: Model variables inserted into a worksheet. • Variables>Filter, to import only variables with names containing the prefix extern_. • Variables>Select, to import all the variables from the selected feature node only. • Functions, to import function definitions from the model. The Functions dialog box opens, allowing you to select analytic or interpolation functions in the model. The imported data is inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the COMSOL model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, ensures that the model can be updated with changes to the function in the worksheet. For an analytic function the data is imported into two columns as in Figure 2-4. Figure 2-4: Analytic function table format after import. For an interpolation function the data is formatted as in Figure 2-5.

Figure 2-5: Interpolation function table format after import. You can edit imported model definitions in your worksheet. To update the model with the modified definitions, see Updating Data in Cells Linked to the Model. For the update to work the links (comments) need to be inserted into the worksheet when importing the definitions.

Computing the Solution To solve the model directly from the Excel user interface, click the Compute button ( ) from the Study group. If the model contains several studies the first study

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is computed by default. In this case you can also click the Study button ( the menu select the study to compute.

), and from

You have limited access to the solver settings from the COMSOL tab. It is recommended that you make sure that the model is suitably configured in the COMSOL Desktop before opening it in Excel.

Running a Model in Sweep This section describes how to run a model in sweep using data value from the worksheet. THE SWEEP DIALOG BOX

To access the sweep parameter value list, from Excel go to the COMSOL44 toolbar and select Sweep ( ) to open the Sweep dialog box. If you plan to link cell ranges in the worksheet and the parameter list in the model, before you open the Sweep dialog box, first select the cell where the link is to be included. The Sweep dialog box contains the list of the parameter name and value set in the parametric sweep node available in the selected study.

In the Study list you can select the study where to define the parameter sweep value. Only studies containing a Sweep node are listed. The Parameter names column lists the model parameters defined to run in sweep. The Parameter value list column contains the associated value. The Range column lists the

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cell range in the worksheet linked to the model parameters. You can directly edit the Parameter value list column. Click Update to update the modification in the model. L I N K I N G P A R A M E T E R S W E E P VA L U E S W I T H T H E WO R K S H E E T

In the Sweep dialog box click Export to export the parameter sweep value list to the current worksheet. As part of the export, a link is created between the worksheet and the model. This is represented by a cell comment. In the worksheet, the parameter sweeps are stored in line from the cell containing the comment, the first column including the parameter names. If the parameter value list only contains data separated by a space or a comma, the data are inserted in separate cells. If the parameter value list contains a string, such as a range function, or includes units, the data are exported to one unique cell.

After the export the Range column includes the cell range defining the sweep parameter value list in the worksheet.

You can now edit the parameter value in the worksheet. Then close the Sweep dialog box. The parameter value has to be defined in the cells beside the one containing the parameter name. U P DATIN G T HE PAR AM ET ER VALUE LIST TO TH E M O DEL

If the worksheet contains a link between a range and the Sweep node, select the cell with the comment and select Sweep ( ) on the COMSOL toolbar. The Parameter

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value list and the Range columns are automatically updated with the value from the

worksheet. Click Update to update the model with the value defined in the worksheet. It is not necessary to have links between the worksheet and the model to modify the sweep parameter value list, you can edit the value in the Sweep dialog box and click Update. To update the model with the modified parameter value list, you need to select the cell with the comment and select Sweep ( ). The parameter value list now contains the value from the worksheet. Click Update to update the model with the value defined in the worksheet.

Evaluating and Displaying the Results EVALUATING NUMERICAL RESULTS

With LiveLink you can evaluate and insert simulation results into a worksheet. The tools needed for this are grouped under Numerical Results on the COMSOL tab in the Excel user interface. To perform the evaluations at least one solution data set needs to be present in the model. The following operations are available: • Derived Values, to evaluate data found in the Derived Value nodes defined in the model. Select the cell in the worksheet then click the Derived Values (

) button. In the

Derived Values dialog box, specify from which derived values node to import the data

and click OK. The evaluated data is inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, assures that the evaluation can be updated with changes to the model solution. • Point Evaluation, to evaluate expressions on specified geometry vertices. Select a cell in the worksheet and click the Point Evaluation (

) button. In the Point

Evaluation dialog box, select the solution data set, one or more points, and specify

the expression to evaluate. Click OK to import the data. The evaluated data is inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, assures that the point evaluation can be updated with changes to the model solution.

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• Interpolation, to evaluate expressions at arbitrary location. Select a cell in the worksheet. Click Interpolation to open the Interpolation dialog box. Select the solution data set, if a parametric solution data set specify the parameter value. Enter the expression to evaluate, and the cell range that contains the point coordinates for the evaluation. The coordinates need to be formated so there is one point per row, with the coordinates in different columns. The number of evaluation points correspond to the number of rows. The evaluated data is inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, assures that the point evaluation can be updated with changes to the model solution. • Particle tracing, to evaluate expressions along particle trajectories. First select a cell in the worksheet then click the Particles ( ) button. In the Particles dialog box, select a valid particle tracing solution data set and specify the expression to evaluate. The evaluated data is inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, ensures that the point evaluation can be updated with changes to the model solution. • Tables, to extract data from tables defined in the model. Select a cell in the worksheet. Click the Tables ( ) button and from the dialog box select the table to insert into the worksheet. The evaluated data is inserted to the right and down from the selected cell. A link to the model, represented by a comment inserted in the selected cell, ensures that the point evaluation can be updated with changes to the model solution. You can modify the settings for an existing data evaluation by following these steps: • From a cell range containing evaluation results, select the cell that contains the link to the model. • Click the button corresponding to the evaluation operation. • Edit the settings for the evaluation. • Click OK to perform the evaluation and replace the data in the cell range. To update the existing evaluations after recomputing a solution, see Updating Data in Cells Linked to the Model. DISPLAYING AND IMPORTING GRAPHICS

To select a plot group to display in the graphics server window, click the Plot Group button ( ) and from the menu select an available plot group from the model.

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If the plot group uses a solution data set containing multiple solution parameters, you can specify the parameter you would like to view in the Plot Settings dialog box accessible by clicking the Plot Settings button ( ). To import a screenshot of the current view of the graphics server window, click the Import Graphics button ( ) on the Edit group. You can specify the image size in the Preferences dialog box available from the Edit group.

Updating Data in Cells Linked to the Model THE CELL COMMENT

For model definitions and numerical results imported into the worksheet the LiveLink interface adds a comment to the cell selected at the time of the import. This cell comment is a link to the model ensuring that the data can be updated. The comment can also contain the evaluation settings to allow subsequent editing of the evaluation operation. Click Break Link ( ) to remove a comment from a cell.

The data in the cell range cannot be updated if the comment is missing.

UPDATING MODELS DEFINITIONS

You can edit imported model definitions in the worksheet. The cell comment maintains the link between the data in the worksheet and the model, so that you can update the model with the new data. To perform an update select the cell with the ). comment and click the Update button ( To update all model definitions in a worksheet, click the Update all button ( Update all button is accessible in the menu under the Update button.

). The

To solve the model after the update see Computing the Solution. UPDATING SWEEP PARA METER VA LUE LIST

First select the cell with the comment representing the link to the sweep node in the model. In the Study group, click the Sweep button ( ). Select Update to update the parametric sweep node with the one stored in the worksheet.

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UPDATING NUMERICAL RESULTS

In the Numerical Results group, click the Update button ( found in a worksheet.

) to update all results data

Connecting Excel with a Server Manually The default settings using LiveLink™ for Excel® consist of starting a new COMSOL server on the local machine the first time a model is loaded from the spreadsheet. You can specify the server to connect with Excel. To specify the server to be connected to Excel: 1 Start Excel and separately start a COMSOL server. 2 In Excel go to the COMSOL44 tab and click Preferences in the Edit group. 3 In the Preferences window, clear Start new server. 4 In the Server edit field enter the server name (or server IP address). Enter localhost if the COMSOL server and Excel are running on the same machine.

5 In the Port edit field enter the port number the server is listening to. The port

number is the one displayed in the COMSOL server window. 6 In the User and Password edit field enter the login information requested by the

server. 7 Click OK.

The next time you open a model from Excel the model is loaded to the specified server. The regular COMSOL server does not plot graphics in a separate window. To display graphics of the current model you need to connect the COMSOL server with a COMSOL Desktop. See Connecting the COMSOL Desktop with the COMSOL Server.

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Connecting the COMSOL Desktop with the COMSOL Server This section describes how to connect a COMSOL Desktop with a model open in Excel. The regular COMSOL server allows multiple client connections, for example, Excel and a COMSOL Desktop. By default Excel starts a COMSOL graphics server when opening a model. The COMSOL graphics server does not support multiple client connections. See Connecting Excel with a Server Manually to connect a regular COMSOL server with Excel. To display the model open from Excel in a COMSOL Desktop: 1 Start Excel. 2 Before loading a model, make sure that Excel starts a regular COMSOL server. In

the Edit group of the COMSOL toolbar click Preferences. In the Preferences dialog box make sure that Use graphics server is not selected. Click OK. 3 You can now load a model in Excel as indicated in Loading and Saving the Model. 4 In the COMSOL Desktop, from File menu (Windows users) or from the Options

menu (Mac and Linux users), select Client Server>Connect to Server (

).

5 From the File menu (Windows users) or from the Options menu (Mac and Linux

users), select Client Server>Import Model from Server ( from Server window select the model to import.

). In the Import Model

6 The model is now accessible from both Excel and the COMSOL Desktop. Every

change operated from Excel can be visualized from the COMSOL Desktop once the model is updated.

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E x po r t i ng M a teri al D at a To export material properties from a workbook in the Excel® user interface to a COMSOL material library, use the tools from the Material Export group of the COMSOL tab. LiveLink™ for Excel® supports both material properties stored in the spreadsheet as constant or as field dependent variables (as such as temperature dependent properties, BH curve, and so forth). Depending on the original format, you have to specify the export settings in different windows. Automatically export the data to a new COMSOL material library or to an existing one. Perform the export for a single worksheet or in batch operations if the data are stored in different workbooks.

The Material Export Settings Window Click Settings ( ) in the Material group to open the Material Export Settings window. Specify the material and the properties to export to a COMSOL material library format. The material export procedure depends on the data format in the worksheet; the data can be defined as constant or as field variables. EXPORT MATERIAL FROM DATA STORED AS CONSTANT

In the Field dependent data tab, specify the data format in the worksheet. If the worksheet contains only constant data formats, make sure that Sheet contains field dependent data check box is not selected.

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In the Material properties tab, specify the material and the properties to be included in the export.

In Material names range select the cell range that contains the material names. The material names have to be stored in a column in the worksheet. In Property names range select the cell range that contains the property names. The property names have to be stored in a row in the worksheet. In the Material property settings section you assign properties recognized by COMSOL to the properties in the worksheet. Select a property name from the Name column, then select a property from the Valid properties (SI Units) list. Click Assign to assign the selected valid property to the select name from the current worksheet. In the Unit column specify the unit in which the data is defined for the property. The default is SI units for all material properties. Under the Instructions section in the dialog box you can follow the number of unassigned material properties for the selection. When you have completed the configuration all steps are marked with the icon . Click OK to save the settings and to close the window.

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EXPORT MATERIAL PROPERTIES FROM FIELD DEPENDENT DATA

In the Field dependent data tab select the Sheet contains field dependent data check box to specify the field variable settings.

In Field variable name range enter the cell number that contains the name of the field variable. The default data selection includes all data below the selected cell. You can manually specify the data cell range later in the Material Properties tab. Once the field variable name is selected in the worksheet, in Assigned model input list select the model input in the COMSOL model that corresponds to the selected field variable name in the worksheet. The field dependent data is always stored in a single column. The field dependent data can correspond to the norm of the model input, for instance with the following model input: the current density, the electric field, the magnetic field, the magnetic flux density, the stress tensor, and the velocity field. In the Unit field enter the unit used in the worksheet if it differs from the default settings. When you have completed the configuration all steps under the Instructions section are marked with the icon .

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In the Material properties tab specify the material and the properties to be included in the export.

In Material names range select the cell range that contains the material names. The material names have to be stored in a column in the worksheet. In Property names range select the cell range that contains the property names. The property names have to be stored in a row in the worksheet. In the Material property settings section assign properties recognized by COMSOL to the properties in the worksheet. Select a property name from the Name column, then select a property from the Valid properties (SI Units) list. Click Assign to assign the selected valid property to the select name from the current worksheet. In the Unit column specify the unit in which the data is defined for the property. The default is SI units for all material properties. In the Constant column, select the radio button for the property you want to export as constant. If you select constant the value in the selected cell range in Property name value is used as property data to export in the material library.

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In the Range column, enter the property data cell range to export. For constant data export select a unique cell. For field dependent data export specify the list of the data cell to export. The cell range has to be a unique column. Under the Instructions section in the dialog box you can follow the number of unassigned material properties for the selection. When the configuration is completed, all steps are marked with the icon . Click OK to save the settings and close the window.

The Cell Comment After you have configured the material data export according to the previous section the settings are stored in comments added to the cells that contain the material names and material property names. These comments enable you to edit the settings later, and you can also easily copy the comments to another worksheet with similar data to skip the steps of configuring the material export again. Do not remove the comments from the cells unless you want to prevent a certain material or property from being exported to the material library.

Saving the Material Library In the Material Export group select Create ( ) to export the material properties to a new material library. In the Save Material Library window specify the filename and location. Click OK to export. In the Material Export group select Append ( ) to export the material properties to an existing material library. In the Append Material Library window select an existing material library, and click OK to export. COMSOL automatically finds and imports material libraries saved in the materials folder of the COMSOL preferences directory. This is set as the default location when you create new material libraries or when you append data to existing material libraries.

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Exporting the Material Library in Batch In the Material Export group select Batch ( settings window.

) to open the Material Export - Batch

In the Template section you find the settings defined for the material export. The Properties table lists the material, the property name and the cell range to export. Select Use value from template if the property is only defined in the template worksheet but

should be included in all material during the batch export. In the Source section define the worksheet to use during the export. First, in the Directory edit field enter the path of the directory that contains the source Excel files.

Select Include subdirectories to include workbooks stored under the main directory. Click Update to list the files to be used during the batch export. If you need to open one of the listed files, select the file in the list and click Open. In the Output section you define where to export the material data. Select New to export the material data in a new material library. Select Append to export the material data to an existing material library.

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3

Loading and Saving Workbook Files LiveLink™ adds the Excel® workbook (.xlsx) format to the list of formats for

loading and saving model definitions from the COMSOL Desktop®. Read this chapter for a description of how to load and save tabular data to a workbook. In this chapter: • Importing and Exporting Model Definitions

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Importing and Exporting Model Definitions In this section: • Support for Excel® Files • Importing Data from a Workbook • Exporting Data to a Workbook • Supported Formats

Support for Excel® Files The following model features support the saving or loading of Excel® files: Parameters, Variables, Interpolation, Piecewise, and the study step including continuation parameters.

Importing Data from a Workbook To load data from a worksheet to a table in the settings window of a feature, click the Load from File button ( ) below the table. In the file type list select Microsoft Excel Workbook (*.xlsx). Select the desired file and click Open.Specify the sheet and cell range for the data.

In the Sheet edit field enter the name of the worksheet containing the data. If no sheet name is defined, the first worksheet in the Excel file is selected by default. In the Range field enter the cell range that holds the data. The range is defined with either the top left cell number or the range name. This imports all data up to the next empty cell. If you leave the Range field empty, the entire worksheet is imported. Also see Supported Formats.

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Clear the Overwrite check box if to append the imported data to the end of the table. Note that you need to resolve conflicting data after the import. For parameters import select Separate units column if the worksheet contains the parameter values and units separate but adjacent columns. Click Load to load the data to the table. Excel automatically starts in the background.

Exporting Data to a Workbook In the settings window of the feature click the Save to File button ( ), usually located below the table. From the Save as type list select Microsoft Excel Workbook (*.xlsx), then specify the desired filename and click Save. Specify the sheet and cell range for the data export.

In the Sheet edit field enter the worksheet name where to store the data. If no sheet name is defined, the first worksheet of the Excel workbook is selected by default. In the Range field enter the cell range where data should be written. The range is defined by either the top left cell, or the range name. Also see Supported Formats. Clear the Overwrite check box if you want to append the data to the Excel file. Note that you can only append data to empty cells. Select Include headers to export the table header row together with the data. For parameters export select Separate units column to save the parameter values and units in separate columns. Click Save to save to export the data. Excel automatically starts in the background.

Supported Formats The format of the data to be imported or exported depends on the model definition that you are working with. It is recommended that you export a table to a file to check how the data is formatted, you can then format data similarly for the import.

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The following is an overview of the data format for each feature that supports reading or writing of Excel files: • Parameters: the first column in the cell range defines the parameter name, the second its expression, and the third optional column the parameter description.

The parameter unit can also define the file with an extra column included between the expression and the parameter description. For these data formats you need to select Separate units column in the Excel load dialog box.

• Variables: the first column in the cell range defines the parameter name, the second its expression, and the third optional column the parameter description.

• Interpolation functions: the first cell column in the cell range defines the value of the input argument parameter t, and the second column defines the value of the function f(t).

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• Piecewise functions: the first column in the cell range defines the start of the interval, the second column defines the end of the interval, and the third column defines the expression for the function.

• Parametric Sweep and Auxiliary Sweep: the first column in the cell range defines the parameter name, and the second column contains the list of the parameters separated by space.

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